Who is Targeted by Ransomware Attack?
Anyone can become a target of ransomware attack despite who you are, where you are, what device you use? Thus, it can happen at any point, anywhere, and with anyone. Ransomware can penetrate into your device while you do an online transaction, work online or are connected to a network, surf the internet, or do any other internet activity. All the types of devices that have the capability to connect to a network or internet are susceptible to ransomware attacks. Such devices are laptops, desktops, mobile devices, IoT devices, and tablets, etc..
How Does Ransomware Get on Your System?
*.Ransomware can get into your system by browsing untrusted websites
*.It can spread in your system by opening or downloading email attachments from an untrusted source
*.Installing software, games, etc. from untrusted sources can also lead to ransomware infection.
*.Accessing a PC that is a part of an infected network can also invite ransomware infection.
How Does Ransomware Spread?
There are various modes by which ransomware can infiltrate and infect your PC or IoT device or your mobile device. These modes are termed as “infection vectors”. Such infection vectors are discussed below:
1. Email Vector
*.Most common vector
*.Email attachment or link carries the infectious code.
This method of injecting ransomware involves sending an email to the target. The email contains malicious attachment or link that looks legitimate. Clicking on the link or attachment infects the files with ransomware.
2. Drive-by Download
*.A quickly-caught form of the Ransomware attack
*.Hacked or malicious websites infect the visiting client.
*.The malicious hidden code on the website looks for vulnerable machines.
The attacker chooses a website, hacks it or infects it with malware. Such websites use their exploit kit to check the visitor’s machine for vulnerabilities, such as finding software bug, and security flaws of the browser and operating system. If the exploit-kit finds the visitor’s machine vulnerable, it exploits the machine for malicious code execution.
3. Free Software Vector
*.Most basic form
*.Spreads through free infected games, bogus software, screensavers, etc.
The human tendency to get things for free allows the attackers to lure users to download and run the malicious code hidden with the “free content”.
Symptoms of a Ransomware Attack
*.Files that won’t open
*.Alarming messages on your desktop
*.A program generating a warning message for a countdown
*.A window pop-up indicating instructions on how to pay for unlocking your files
*.Receiving errors related to corrupt data, wrong file extensions, etc.
*.A message displayed on the screen that asks for ransom and cannot be closed
*.Changed or missing file extensions
What to Do After a Ransomware Virus Attack?
Given below are some of the solutions that may work and recover your data:
*.Remove the infected device from the Network
*.Boot the system in Safe Mode plus launch a deep scan mode of the antivirus software
*.Use the “Restore previous versions” option to restore your encrypted files
*.Check the status of Restore point; if it is healthy, then make attempts to restore your data from there
*.Use Windows Unlocker to clean up ransomware infected Registry
*.Do not pay the ransom
*.Immediately report the ransomware case to the local cyber-crime cell
What are Ransomware Data Recovery Methods?
There are three ransomware data recovery methods available for recovering encrypted data from any system. Let’s look at each.
1. Recover the Encrypted/Deleted ransomware data from Backup:
Encrypted ransomware files can easily be recovered by restoring original files from the external backup device. This can be done only in case if you have a regular backup of your device data in an external Hard drive, SSD, SD card, Pen drive, cloud storage or any other storage device.
2. Recover Encrypted/Deleted ransomware data by Data Recovery Software
If there is no backup available, then you can use data recovery software to recover encrypted files from Hard Drive, SD card, Pen Drive and any other storage device.
3. Recover Encrypted/Deleted ransomware data by using Ransomware Data Recovery Services
What if none of the above countermeasures worked? Then, the next step would be to move toRansomware Virus Removal Services. Contact a renowned Professional Data Recovery Services company to recover your data from a ransomware attack. The services help you to recover your data seamlessly.
Precaution & Prevention Measures Against Ransomware Attack
Keeping your Windows Operating System up-to-date is the best way to stay away from threats like a ransomware attack. If you upgrade to Windows 10, then you will reduce the events of the ransomware attack to a great extent. Some of the other precautions and preventions are listed in the table given below.